Defense of cases
of Criminal and Misdemeanor
The ethical and social demands for the full guarantee of the respect for the individual's human rights
are in force in contemporary Criminal Law
. Thus, the defense of the respect for human dignity
(principal of the human dignity and humanity of sentence), the strictly personal nature of the sentence
(principal of personality), the necessary respect for the principal of proportionality, for the character of the wide and contradictory defense
(principal of the due legal process) of the criminal evidence
, are mandatory.
One should keep in mind that Criminal Law
, due to the fact that it is the most burdensome mean of social control, should always be used as a last resource
(ultima ratio), and always according to the social interest, and therefore, not to be used as an instrument of repression at the service of the government, as it is the case in Police states.