Civil, Comercial, Criminal, Familia, Laboral, Menores e Arrendamento


Lawyer in Lisbon

A lawyer is an independent professional, BA in Law and licensed by the competent institutions of each country to practice jus postulandi, i.e., to represent the interests of the physical or legal entities in court or outside court, both between the entities and the State.
The lawyer is an essential piece for justice administration and a basic instrument to ensure the defense of the interests of the parts in court.
Thus, advocacy not only is a profession, but a munus publicum, i.e., a public obligation, because, even though it is not a state agent, it is part of the democracy administration of the Judicial Power.

The activity of advocacy may be decomposed in seven basic judicial functions:

Legal Consultancy (internal or external, including in real-time negociation support);
  • Legal Consultancy (external or internal - Outside Counsel - In-House Counsel);
  • Attorney's office;
  • Judicial Audition;
  • Judical Control;
  • Judicial Planing;
  • Law Teaching.
Thus, lawyers act, besides providing legal consultancy consisting on the verification of important negotiations under the legal scope, to prevent future and possible litigations, either by "auditing" or "controlling", in Administration Science terms. A lawyer may be specialized in an area (field) of Law, for example, as a criminal lawyer.
In Portuguese, the word comes from the Latin expression 'ad vocatus', which, in Roman Law, meant "the person who has been summoned" by the defendant to speak on his/her behalf and defend his/her interests in court.
In general, the activity of a lawyer is unified, except in England, where there is a separation between barristers and solicitors: the first act in superior courts, and the second act in inferior courts and interact directly with the client.